Heroin (Diacetylmorphine) is a chemical derived from the morphine alkaloid. This is found in opium which is roughly two to three times more potent. This is a highly addictive drug. heroin exhibits anxiolytic and analgesic properties to the central nervous system. There is a risk of overdose and death for the abusers of this drug. There is an alternate form of this drug called “black tar” which is sticky, like roofing tar and hard like coal. Its color varies from dark brown to black.
How to use Heroin
This drug is mostly taken by injection but it can also be vaporized, smoked, sniffed or snorted. Other people use it as a suppository, or orally ingest it. The smoking and sniffing of heroin does not produce a “rush” as quickly or as intensely as the injection. Oral ingestion does not lead to a “rush”, but the use of heroin in this form may have intense intense euphoric effects.
Side Effects of Heroin Use
Heroin will be broken down to morphine and metabolites which then bind to opioid receptors in the brain. The short-term effects of heroin abuse will appear soon after a single dose and disappear in a few hours. After an injection of heroin, the user reports feeling a surge of euphoria (the “rush”) accompanied by a warm flushing of the skin, a dry mouth, and heavy extremities. Following this initial euphoria, the user experiences an alternately wakeful and drowsy state. Mental functioning becomes clouded due to the depression of the central nervous system. Other effects that heroin may have on users include respiratory depression, constricted (“pinpoint”) pupils and nausea. Effects of heroin overdose may also include slow and shallow breathing, hypertension, muscle spasms, convulsions, coma, and possible death.
How long does Heroin last?
With regular heroin use, tolerance develops where the abuser must use more heroin to achieve the same intensity or effect. Major withdrawal symptoms peak between 48 and 72 hours after the last dose and subside after about a week.